Curriculum - Kobaltkek-csempe.hu

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Tilehistory

from the 17th century till today

Hand crafting of Delft tiles started flourishing around 1600. Tin glazed tiles were mostly decorated with coblat blue or manganese purple paint. Patterns display every aspect of life: humans, animals, plants, landscapes, mythological figures, ships and houses appear on the drawings. They would cover huge surfaces with selfstanding motifs or create multi tiled images. Around 1650 the motifs of chinaware start to appear like the outer Wan Li pattern of the tile. The corners were most often decorated with the french lilly or the so called bullhead.


The wonderful world of Delft tiles, makes those who copy them wedded to their original technology. Every singel tile is hand pressed and the glaze is deckled on the surface. The outlines of the pattern are visible due to the osi technique: graphite powder rubbed through tracing paper appears on the raw glaze. Outlining of the contures happens with special squirrel brushes, that is followed up by gradiating the tiles. There are no two tiles which are alike. Today's technology differs only at one point from the original: firing happens now in an electrical oven. The material of the tiles has a special „horn”like structure which allows a low temperature (980-1000 C) firing, however tiles become frost proof. Usage of the tiles can be very diverse: simple wainscoting, creating multi tiled images, covering trays, pot-pads or furniture. There are designer made compositions, street signs and fire places created using this style too.